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Model name: Электроника BK-0010 (1985)
CPU: KP1801BM1
RAM: 16Kb / 32Kb
Colors: b/w or 4
Resolution: 512x256 or 256x256

Description: BK-0010 was first Soviet home computer made in 1985 y. Programming languages were FOCAL, BASIC, assembler.


Model name: Искра-1030 (1989)
CPU: KP1810BM86
RAM: 256Kb / 512Kb
Colors: b/w or 4
Resolution: 512x256 or 256x256

Description: The Iskra 1030 (Russian: Искра 1030) was an Intel 8086 compatible personal computer produced in the USSR. It was designed by Elektronmash (Russian: ЛНПО Электронмаш) in Leningrad. The main manufacturers were the Iskra factory (Russian: Искра) in Smolensk and the Shchyotmash factory (Russian: Счётмаш) in Kursk. The model line consisted of Iskra 1030.11 (basic), Iskra 1030М (modified), Iskra 1031, and Iskra 3104.


Model name: EC-1840 (1986)
CPU: K1810BM86
RAM: 128Kb / 256Kb
Colors: b/w or 4
Resolution: 512x256 or 256x256

Description: EC-1840 was a Soviet clone of the IBM PC in 1980s. That models lineup also included analogues of IBM PC XT, IBM PC AT, IBM XT/370. The computers and software were adapted in Minsk, Belarus, at the Scientific Research Institute of Electronic Computer Machines (НИИ ЭВМ). The first models of ES PEVM (ES-1840, ES-1841, ES-1842), unlike the IBM PC, had two units: a system unit and a floppy drives unit. These models used a backplane instead of the main board. Although the system bus was compatible with ISA bus, it used a different type of connector, so the IBM PC expansion cards could not be installed in ES PEVM. Later models (ES-1843, ES-1849 etc.) were fully compatible with IBM PC XT and IBM PC AT.